(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

CHAPTER   II.

MATHUR^i SACKED BY MAimtfD OF GHAZNI, 1017 A.D. ITS TREATMENT BY THE
DELHI EMPERORS. USE AND PROGKESS OF THE JAT TOWER. MASSACRE AT
MATHTJ&A', 1757, BATTLE OF BARS^NA, 1775. EXECUTION OF GHULA'M
K/Dffij 1788. BEITISH OCCUPATION; 18U3, BATTLE OF DIG., 1804,
MUTESTY; 1857.

APAET from inscriptions and other fragmentary archaeological vestio-es of its
ancient glory, the first authentic contemporary record of Matlmru that we find
in existing literature is dated the year 1017 A.D., when it was sacked by
Ifahmud of GLazni in his ninth invasion of India.   The original source of
information repeating Mahmud^ campaigns is the Tarikh Yamini of Al Utbi
who was himself secretary to the Sultan, though he did not accompany him in
his expeditions.   He mentions by name neither Mathura nor llaha-ban, but
only describes certain localities, which Lave been so identified by Firishta and
later historians.    The place supposed to be Muha-ban he calls " the Fort of
Kulchand," a Rfija, who (lie writes) " was, not without good reason, confident
in hi: strength, for no one had fought against him and not been defeated.    He
had vast territories, enormous wealth, a numerous and bravo army, huo-e ele-
phants, and strong forts that no enemy had been able to reduce.    Whcnle saw
that the Sultan advanced against him, he drew up his army' and elephants
in a 'deep forest'* ready for action.   But finding every attempt to repulse the
invaders fail, the beleaguered infidels at last quitted the fort and tried to cross
the broad river which flowed in Its rear.   When some 50,000 men had been
killed or drowned, Knlchaad took a dagger, with which he first slew his wife
and then drove it into his own body.   The Sultan obtained by this victory 185
fine elephants besides other booty."   In the neighbouring holy city, identified
asMathnri, « he ?aw a buildirife of exquisite structure, which the inhabitants
declared to be the Mndlwork not of men but of Genii, f   The town wall was
constructed of solid stone, and had opening on to the river two gates, raised on
high and massive basements to protect them from the floods.   On the two sides
of the <Łty TWSTO thousand of houses with idol temples attached, all of masonry
and strengthened mth bars of iron ; and opposite them were other building
supported on stout wooden pillars.   In the middle of the city was a tempfe
krger &nd finer tkn the m^toj^IiSd^ga^paiating .nor description could

s a literal translation on

s a    era translation on
t KM -Jma,   the name bull, o| the Buddhist and Jaini deity, waa the word actually
used, vUfife ww muUken for the Arabic «• Jioa."                                                 7  wnroaiiy